Local Hazard Mitigation and Climate Adaptation Plans
In an effort to support local governments in planning for existing hazards and preparing for future hazards due to climate change, the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) Resilience Program and the Bay Conservation Development Commission (BCDC) Adapting to Rising Tides Program are partnering to create a process that will support the update and development of hazard mitigation and climate adaptation plans. Integrating hazard mitigation planning, which focuses on historic risks, with climate adaptation planning, which focuses on future risks, will provide clear guidance and a unified strategy to support community sustainability and resilience.
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2016 Planning Process
ABAG and BCDC provided assistance to communities updating or developing hazard mitigation plans by presenting three workshops, developing guidance documents, hosting an open data page, assembling additional resources, and offering specialized one-on-one technical assistance for plan development. The workshops are completed, but if you would like one-on-one assistance with resilience planning please contact us directly.
All resources presented at past workshops can be found in the resources section below. The sequence of three workshops were focused on community engagement, risk assessments, and the selection and implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Submitting your Plan
Jose Lara is the new CalOES point of contact for LHMP reviews. His information for digital and physical copies is below:
Phone: (916) 845-8883 Ext 8883
Hazard Mitigation Division
3650 Schriever Avenue
Mather, California 95655
HAZARD AND RISK ASSESSMENTS
STRATEGY SELECTION, EVALUATION, AND IMPLEMENTATION
What is a Hazard Mitigation Plan?
Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from hazards. A hazard mitigation plan identifies the hazards a community or region faces, assesses their vulnerability to the hazards and identifies specific actions that can be taken to reduce the risk from the hazards. The Federal Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000) outlines a process which cities, counties, and special districts can follow to develop a Local Hazard Mitigation Plan. Development of this plan is a requirement for certain benefits from CalEMA and FEMA.
The 2011 ABAG Local Hazard Mitigation Plan was approved by FEMA in March, 2011 and adopted by ABAG. The 2011 Plan is available online. Approved and adopted local government annexes to the regional plan are available online.
What is Climate Adaptation Planning?
Climate adaptation is a process that intends to reduce long-term risks from hazards associated with climate variability and climate change. More specifically, adaptation refers to changes that are made to better respond to new climate conditions, thereby reducing harm and taking advantage of present opportunities. The California Natural Resources Agency and California Emergency Management Agency have developed guidance for the components of a climate adaptation plan. The guide was developed to support communities in addressing the consequences of climate change. In addition to this statewide guidance, regional guidance on climate adaptation planning was developed by BCDC’s Adapting Rising Tides Program, which provides a process developed with a working group of federal, state, regional and local partners and which has been tested in a number of efforts around the San Francisco Bay.
What is the benefit of a Hazard Mitigation Plan to local governments?
Local governments who adopt a hazard mitigation plan may be eligible for the following benefits:
- A more disaster-resistant and resilient community and region
- Hazard mitigation assistance programs, including Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, Pre-Disaster Mitigation, Flood Mitigation Assistance and Severe Repetitive Loss grant programs
- Points under the National Flood Insurance Program’s Community Rating System (CRS)
- Waiver of the 6.25% local match for Public Assistance money after a disaster.
How can I combine a Hazard Mitigation Plan, Climate Adaptation Plan, and or a General Plan Safety Element?
There is significant overlap between the content and process of hazard mitigation and climate adaptation plans as well as other hazard and climate plans, including:
- Climate action plan
- Local coastal program
- Community rating system (National Flood Insurance Program)
- General Plan safety element
Like hazard mitigation and climate adaptation plans, these plans require an assessment of the risk your community faces from certain hazards and development of a strategy to reduce those risks. Because the hazard mitigation plan is intended to address all hazards your community faces, it can be adapted and expanded to address the specific requirements of these other plans.
In addition, communities going through the process of a general plan update may find it useful to address the specific requirements of hazard mitigation plans as they are updating their safety element. This approach meets the true spirit of AB 2140 by making the safety element and hazard mitigation plan a single document.
ABAG’s intent is to create a process that is flexible enough for communities to approach the planning process in the way makes the most sense for them. We have used the hazard mitigation plan process as the base plan because so many Bay Area communities will need to update their mitigation plans in 2016 and because it can encompass most hazards addressed in other hazard plans. We will strive to make linkages between planning process explicit where possible, and provide guidance about efficiently integrating multiple planning processes.
Do you have any recommendations for hiring a consultant?
Consultants can be a valuable resource in supporting jurisdictions to develop their natural hazard mitigation and climate adaptation plans. Reference this one page hazard mitigation and climate adaptation planning hiriing guide when considering consultant services.